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It is more important than ever to understand this chain of connections in order to tackle some of the biggest questions about human life on earth: Is our current population growth sustainable? How will we adapt to the changing climate?
Stanford University Video. First of all, it does not exclude the existence of other possible cases in which culture and beliefs might have a grip on our classification of geographic boundaries. The committee examines some of the more significant tools for data collection, storage, analysis, and display, with examples of major contributions made by geographers. But they are parts of reality that would not be there absent corresponding linguistic and cultural practices of demarcation and categorization. Another thing is to say that some kinds of geographical boundaries may show a certain degree of cultural dependence — in particular, according to Smith and Mark, some fiat boundaries and some specific subclasses of them. Where it crossed the roadway, instead of having a gate it degenerated into mere geometry, a line, an idea of boundary. This research is carried out at local to regional spatial scales.
Why are some nations rich and others poor? What does globalization mean for local cultures?
What is the relationship between geography and the nation-state? For example: Human have transformed the land through deforestation and the building of roads and cities. Thanks to a growing population, we have harvested much of the biosphere for commercial farming and energy production. International travel and transportation has led to the spread of disease and introduced invasive species to new lands.
Pollutants from the Industrial Revolution have altered our climate. Immerse Yourself in the Global Economy In addition to the study of particular environments, cultural geography seeks to find connections around the world. In this journey, you will: look at the structure of our economic system, from the capture and processing of raw materials to commercial sales and data management; see how the Columbian Exchange changed the world economy after ; review the geography of wealth and poverty, including indices for measuring standard of living; consider how our modern transportation system nullified the barriers of distance, as well as the effects this development had on labor and migration; and unpack the trend toward urbanization and reflect on what this trend means for the future.
Consider the Political Implications of Geography The course ends with a unit on geopolitics, the study of geography and political power.
Think Like a Geographer If you open any newspaper, the headlines demonstrate the world is always changing. Hide Full Description.
Average 30 minutes each. Consciously or not, cartographers make choices, and these choices are informed by particular cultures and political situations. Start your foray into cultural and human geography by unpacking what maps can tell us about the world of their creators. Learn some of the arguments for and against geographic determinism. Humans have taken over the world. Our ecological impact has been so great that we may have created an entirely new geological epoch. Investigate some of the ways our species has affected the world around us, from changing the climate to remaking the land, and see what responsibilities we have toward the earth and our fellow humans.
If this period is profoundly different from previous periods of change, find out what challenges we will soon face and what opportunities technology and innovation afford us. See what factors have led to deforestation around the world and throughout history, as well as signs that we may be at a turning point where our forests and other environments will rebound.
Many fear what may happen if our population continues to grow exponentially. Think geographically about the problem and see what local conditions and patterns tell us about the world at large. Gain insight from demographic trends, including education, urbanization, and economic growth, that suggest the danger may be less than anticipated. Shift your attention from population to food production.
After reviewing the tools and measurements of farming systems, take a look at the transition from local subsistence to global production models. Then, consider the way new technologies and efficiencies will affect the sustainability of our agricultural system. A little detective work shows that pandemics are spatial.
What does this mean now that we live in such an inter-connected world? How likely is a global pandemic? And how would we respond to future outbreaks? Discover a fascinating method for putting the relationship between humans and the environment in context. Political ecology unpacks chains of explanation, traces the flow of economic value, and examines structural constraints that help us understand myriad political and environmental problems.
Go back to the years before Columbus discovered the Americas, when global trade was a new phenomenon. He then surveys the economy of trade in the 14th and 15th centuries. Experience the economic transition of the Columbian Exchange, which began with the famous voyages of Find out why uneven economic development persists. In recent decades, transportation and information technology have fundamentally changed the flow of goods around the world. See what this means for business today—and where the future of the economy is heading. People migrate from place to place for a number of reasons.
Whether pursuing opportunity or escaping turmoil, people respond to global politics and the economy. Revisit the question of population in this survey of urbanization. Look at the history of cities and find out what is driving our current state of rapid urbanization. Consider the ecological costs and economic and environmental opportunities of a global city-dwelling population. Tour the global distribution of language families.
Although our world has a remarkable diversity of languages, a small handful—including Mandarin, English, Spanish, Arabic, and others—have come to dominate the world. What does the decline and loss of so many languages mean for our global culture? Tackle one of the most fundamental questions about culture: why does it vary at all? After exploring culture as a system of shared meanings and practices, consider the origins of culture and its relationship with place.
Then reflect on the interactions, and in some cases consolidation or erasure, of cultures around the world. Re-examine the concept of place and consider the ways people make places. In the economic and environmental landscape of the 20th and 21st centuries, local cultures may be changing, but they are not going away.
As local cultures become commodities in the form of art, tourism, fashion, and other industries, this changes the way culture is produced and consumed. Reflect on the challenges and opportunities inherent in cultural commodification.
Because culture is a system of shared meaning, cultural concepts—including history—are invented constructs. Meanings can change, which means some elements of culture are inseparable from politics. From Afghanistan in the 19th century to the Ukraine today, tackle the global configuration of powers.